Regardless, you are not the first woman: an illustrative case study of contextual risk factors impacting sexual and reproductive health and rights in Nicaragua Full Text

When we started to talk about human rights, mainstream human rights organizations barely acknowledged the economic issues we claimed were central for most women in the world–including in the US–like rights to food, housing and health care. MADRE’s founders were determined to build an organization that was both clearly focused on concrete issues and able to sustain a political practice as complex as the reality of women’s lives. Ana Maria’s case provides insight into the contextual factors effecting her ability to realize her sexual and reproductive health and rights in Nicaragua where restrictive legal policies and conservative cultural norms around sexuality abound. These contextual risk factors include social norms related to sexual health, laws targeting VAW, and the criminalization of abortion. The government’s reporting on victim identification and protection was unreliable and often varied from source to source. The government reported identifying two sex trafficking victims, both girls, in 2021, compared with one victim in 2020 and eight in 2019. In a separate forum, the government reported identifying six child trafficking victims in 2021.

Women who need or want an abortion face not only the health risks that accompany an unsafe procedure, but additional criminal penalties. The total ban on abortion violates the human rights of both health care providers and women nationwide, as well as the confidentiality inherent in the patient-provider relationship. It also results in a ‘chilling effect’ where health care providers are unwilling to provide both abortion and postabortion care services for fear of prosecution. During the reporting period, Nicaraguans continued to encounter problems obtaining national identification cards, which increased their vulnerability to trafficking and limited their ability to access public services. The government required private employment agencies to register to permit government oversight and established minimum wages and maximum hours for adult and adolescent domestic workers; it did not report identifying forced labor in these sectors. The government did not report any efforts to inspect bars or nightclubs suspected of engaging in trafficking or any efforts to reduce demand for commercial sex. The government reported it took no action to reduce demand for child sex tourism, suggesting the government may have discontinued a previously reported Ministry of Tourism program to increase awareness of child sexual exploitation in the tourism industry.

What our sister organizations have given us in return cannot be quantified. They have taught us that despair is a luxury and that hope is a rational response to hardship if we can join together with others to create change.

  • Victims could obtain compensation by filing civil suits against traffickers; however, NGOs reported the lack of streamlined procedures for trafficking victims and lengthy case timelines made the process unduly burdensome.
  • This information was very useful and really helped me with my report and other things I didn’t know about my dads home country.
  • As the Sandinistas moved to take power of a country ravaged by corruption, they encouraged women to become political actors, but they also cultivated a new conception of gender based on motherhood.
  • They also believed that women could transform their individual experiences of violence and discrimination into a stance against all forms of oppression if they saw that different types of oppression are mutually reinforcing.
  • Our goal was to transition the group from grant to loans, to increase their independence slowly with accompaniment from the Mary’s Pence staff.
  • Managua has benefited from the construction of the central substation, responding to the growth in energy demand for the benefit of 142,987 people.

At Bluefields Indian and Caribbean University in El Rama, Juana is learning the best practices and latest techniques in agriculture and livestock, which makes up a large part of the local economy. Commemorate the one-year anniversary of the Nicaraguan political and social crisis. This information was very useful and really helped me with my report and other things I didn’t know about my dads home country. What would i have done if not for ANCIENT BENIN SHRINE,my name is dogma, I am 28 years old and i have a son. Unfortunately almost a year ago his father broke up with me because of a mistake I made and I just really want him back.

Comprehensive sexual education is a primary way to challenge these social norms and widespread stigma surrounding sexuality and SRH services, such as contraception and PAC, at the population level. Such education might have mitigated Ana Maria’s experience of unintended pregnancy through the provision of advance knowledge of emergency contraception and medical options in the event of pregnancy.

Women and the Nicaraguan Revolution

It is the largest global organization that works to prevent torture and abuse of all sorts by educating and empowering women in developing countries. Misinformation about abusive relationships is very common among Nicaraguan women. Organizations like this allow women to escape this kind of relationship.

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As the revolution sought to liberate poor Nicaraguans, it also managed to liberate women from their subordinate role in the Hispanic culture. Women established neighborhood committees to organize urban resistance. Women gained the respect of male soldiers when they fought, and died, alongside them. Estimates are that women comprised about 25 percent of the Sandinista Front of the National Liberation Army. There has been little urban industry in Nicaragua since the Sandinista revolution.

By the 1980s, however, they formed a large and growing part of the salaried harvest labor force in cotton and coffee. Because men assume little of the domestic workload, the growth in female labor force participation has meant a double workday for many Nicaraguan women.

This has resulted in the tremendous growth of suburbs, spreading out from the city without a long-term plan. Like other Latin Americans, Nicaraguans place a great importance on family and the protection of personal dignidad, or dignity. This extends outward to a collective feeling of national pride among the Nicaraguan people. This nationalism is represented by heroes and martyrs in the history and folklore—especially the leader fighting against colonial influences.

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